Odessa is a unique place in the South of Ukraine, where thanks to a combination of more than 100 nationalities, a unique Odessa language, Odessa cuisine and unique Odessa humor were formed .
Odessa region occupies the NorthWest part of the Black Sea. The population combines 2,4 mln people of 123 different nationalities Total coastal line of Odessa Region exceeds 300 km. The City of Odessa is an important transport, industrial, cultural and tourist center with population more tan 1 mln. Historically Odessa region has always been a wine-making region. Approx 55% of total Ukrainian grape is raised in Odessa region.
Every year, more and more tourists visit Odessa. They are eager to rest at its wonderful beaches, to experience its special local spirit, to explore architectural, historical and nature wonders thanks to which the city competes with famous European capitals. Odessa’s attractions live for ever in classic books and masterpieces of great musicians.
Before the Tsarist establishment of Odessa, an ancient Greek settlement existed at its location. A more recent Tatar settlement was also founded at the location by the Khan of Crimea in 1440 that was named after him as Hacibey (or Khadijbey). Hacibey and surroundings became part of the domain of the Ottomansn 1529. After Russo-Turkish war (1792) Khadjibey stayed a part o tsars Empire. The city of Odessa, founded by the Russian Empress Catherine the Great, centers on the site of the Turkish fortress Khadzhibei, which was occupied by a Russian Army in 1789.
During the 19th century, Odessa was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Warsaw. The new city quickly became a major success although initially it received little state funding and privileges. Its early growth owed much to the work of the Duc de Richelieu, who served as the city"s governor between 1803 and 1814. Having fled the French Revolution. He is credited with designing the city and organizing its amenities and infrastructure, and is considered one of the founding fathers of Odessa, together with another Frenchman Alexandre-Louis Andrault de Langéron.
Many of Odessa"s buildings have, rather uniquely for a Ukrainian city, been influenced by the Mediterranean style of classical architecture. This is particularly noticeable in buildings built by architects such as the Italian Francesco Buffo, who in early 19th-century built a palace and colonnade for the Governor of Odessa, Prince Mikhail Vorontsov and many other public buildings
In 1887 one of the city"s most well known architectural monuments was completed – the theatre, which still hosts a range of performances to this day; it is widely regarded as one of the world"s finest opera houses. The first opera house was opened in 1810 and destroyed by fire in 1873. The modern building was constructed in neo-baroque. Odessa"s most iconic symbol, the Potemkin Stars is a vast staircase that conjures an illusion so that those at the top only see a series of large steps, while at the bottom all the steps appear to merge into one pyramid-shaped mass. The original 200 steps (now reduced to 192) were designed by Italian architect Francesco Boffo and built between 1837 and 1841. The steps were made famous by Sergei Eisenstein in his film, Battleship Potemkin.
Read more about Odessa in English:
Additionall you shoud see:
Belgorod na Moryu (Belgorod on the sea). Historicall Akerman. Fortress form 12th century.
Catacombs – underground city
Vilkovo – city on the water, read more:
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Are you interesting visit Odessa and another interesing places and rest in on the Blac Sea cost with us in small group, please writte. We arrange trip for the end of summer, the first week in September. Cost about 350 Eur - 7 days in 3* hotel including transfers and excursions. Additionally fly ticket.